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It’s the initial interaction that occurs between the counselee and the therapist. It involves establishing and diagnosing any problems the counselee has and simultaneously informing them about the duration and confidentiality norms of the sessions.
ESTABLISHING THERAPEUTIC ALLIANCE
It involves building a therapeutic relationship based on mutual respect, trust, understanding and non-judgemental attitude. The therapist is empathetic and has clients' best interest at heart.
It involves use of diagnostic tools to collect information, analyze and evaluate a client (in areas such as personality, cognitive, emotional and behavioural functioning etc) to identify and diagnose problems and plan for treatment.
It is an extension of the diagnosis and the assessment process, it involves mutually deciding upon the problems or the areas of concern that the client wants to work on.
It is about in-depth exploration of the clients problem and choosing the appropriate counseling techniques that will encourage growth within the client.
EVALUATION AND TERMINATION
This is the final step of the counseling where the therapist analyzes the clients progress and if the goals and and the objectives defined during the initial stages of the therapy are met, the client is prepared to end the sessions. It is done 2-3 sessions prior to the final session and follow up sessions are planned.
If at any given point the therapist feels that the counselee is undergoing severe symptoms and requires psychiatric help/hospitalization then the counselee will be referred to the specialist for the good.